Xmonad

01.12.2020 By Malaran

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There are two ways to install XMonad. The Gentoo recommended method is to use Portage so that the package will be integrated into the system's package database. It is possible to install using cabalalthough it is not the Gentoo recommended method for installation system-wide packages. When choosing this route proceed with caution Portage will not track xmonad!

Start xmonad using a display manager or the startx command. If want to use startx and want ConsoleKit support, setup ConsoleKit and create the following file:. In most cases to write a config file you need additional features provided by the xmonad-contrib library. Unlike many other window managers, XMonad does not have any built-in status bars. Instead of this it can pipe required information to an external program. Usually, xmobar, or dzen is a good choice for a status bar.

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Jump to: navigationsearch. CODE Primitive xmonad. Categories : Window manager Haskell. Add extra documentation API, Javadoc, etc. It is recommended to enable per package instead of globally. Add support for software performance analysis will likely vary from ebuild to ebuild.Last year I switched to xmonad in the strive for a configurable yet minimalist environment.

So far I am pretty satisfied with it. I like tinkering and seeking new stuff in my free time anyway, so starting with a minimalistic environment was very inspiring, because it forced me to rethink even some of the basic aspects of my workflows. By default it provides almost all features you might need to get comfortably around without being in the way. Previously I observed that I use virtual desktops in a way that most of them has one application opened all the time, and in a few I have terminals and SQL clients side-by-side, so I can read contents from all of them.

This is how I bumped into xmonad. It requires familiarity with some basics, but after the initial period you can get around much quicker. Some xmonad tutorials encourage to change the xsession.

When you do that, be careful, because it might interfere with your other desktop environments. The mod key is bound to alt by default, but it can be changed.

I remapped it to the Windows key, because there are many programs that offer shortcuts with alt. The default xmonad configuration is pretty user friendly, as it is described herewith a few keystrokes you can select, move or close windows that are automatically arranged by the selected layout strategy. Each workspace can have different layout strategy which can be dynamically selected and configured.

With multiple monitors each screen has one workspace visible that can be chosen independently from the workspaces on the other displays. You can easily sink a floating window to the grid if you need to. If you are convinced, getting xmonad is easy. It only takes to install the xmonad package and the suckless-tools for some essentials.

The default configuration allows to do anything in this minimalist world, but some old habits die hard and I wanted to keep some parts of my old environment, for example a good screen locker, toolbar or tray with current date and volume etc. Xmonad can be easily configured and extended. There is an excellent tutorial about installing some essentials that is worth checking out, but a quick Google search will usually lead you to a friendly forum where most of the typical questions are already answered.

In this post I try to cover the most interesting stuff, but all my xmonad related configurations can be found in my dotfiles repository. With these and the user friendly defaults, I am using exclusively xmonad for a while now, and it is a breeze. The thing that I missed the most is a tray or status bar where all the ambient information is presented. There are many viable alternatives, but xmobar was the closest to my liking. There are plugins for the most common tasks, such as date and time display and to show cpu utilization, and it can run any arbitrary program for you and show its standard output on the status bar.

Somewhere I found a script that visualizes the current volume level with dashes and greater than symbols. Based on this idea, I created another script that displays the signal strength for the wifi connection and included both of them on my status bar.

The status bar elements can be configured to respond to various user actions, such as mouse clicks. Because I frequently need a calendar, I enhanced the displayed date. Now when I click on it, a gsimplecal pops up. I configured mine to open the corresponding week in Google Calendar, so I can see my events.

I used KOrganizer before, but it was too slow to startup and too heavy-weight for my needs as it contains not just a calendar, but everything else related to scheduling events. Finally, there was only one status bar related thing left unsolved: finding a way to hide it. Fortunately there is an easy way to toggle the statusbar.

Xmonad/Installing xmonad

The next thing that bothered me was that by default, xmonad indicates window focus with a thin border. It mostly bothered me because it makes a bit harder to grab scrollbars at the edges of the screen. I modified my config to use padding rather than border to separate the windows, and to indicate which window is focused, I modified my config to apply some transparency on the unfocused windows. In this setup a nice wallpaper can be shown in the space between the windows, and faintly through the unfocused ones as well.

This setting is really appealing in a simple screenshot, but as it quickly turned out not too practical.Begun in Marchversion 0. While originally a clone of dwm derivative in areas such as default keybindingsxmonad now supports features not available to dwm users [8] [9] such as per-workspace layout, tiling reflection, state preservation, layout mirroring, GNOME support and per-screen status bars; it can be customised by modifying an external configuration file and 'reloaded' while running.

By utilising the expressivity of a modern functional language with a rich static type system, xmonad provides a complete, featureful window manager in less than lines of code, with an emphasis on correctness and robustness.

Internal properties of the window manager are checked using a combination of static guarantees provided by the type system, and type-based automated testing.

A benefit of this is that the code is simple to understand, and easy to modify. Extensions to the core system, including emulation of other window managers and unusual layout algorithms, such as window tiling based on the Fibonacci spiralhave been implemented by the active community [14] and are available as a library.

In addition to obviating the need for the mouse, [16] the xmonad developers make heavy use of semi- formal methods and program derivation for improving reliability and enabling a total line of code count less thanas of version 0. The developers write:. This demonstration presents the case that software dominated by side effects can be developed with the precision and efficiency we expect from Haskell by utilising purely functional data structures, an expressive type systemextended static checking and property-based testing.

In addition, we describe the use of Haskell as an application configuration and extension language. The code is separated into side-effect free code, and a thin wrapper for the side-effects.

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Linux Magazine included xmonad in a list of "My Top Resources of ". Due to the small number of lines of code of the Xmonad application, the use of the purely functional programming language Haskelland recorded use of a rigorous testing procedure it is sometimes used as a baseline application in other research projects.

This has included re-implementation of xmonad using the Coq proof assistant[31] a determination xmonad is an imperative program[32] and studies of package management relating to the NixOS linux distribution. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Haskell programming language. Free and open-source software portal.

Retrieved 1 February — via GitHub. Archived from the original on Retrieved December 17, Network World. Archived from the original on 25 May O'Reilly Germany. Retrieved Haskell Weekly News. University of York.Translation s : English - Italiano Xmonad is a tiling window manager for the X window system, written in Haskell. Until you have learned to use Xmonad, you will want to keep an existing desktop environment available in the system. Xmonad is a possible alternative to Gnome for example.

Invoke update-alternatives to have Xmonad take precedence. In this example, openbox is the extant alternative and xmonad is chosen. Log out and in again to work in Xmonad. Initially it will present a black screen.

After experimenting with Xmonad, run update-alternatives again to reset the window manager. After another logout-login cycle of a display manager or another startx, the more familiar desktop environment should be running.

Xmonad in Debian Xmonad and its community-maintained extension modules contrib can be installed via the standard repositories: aptitude install xmonad libghc6-xmonad-dev libghc6-xmonad-contrib-dev The suckless-tools package is also recommended as it provides dmenu, a simple application launcher which integrates nicely with Xmonad. Wiki Login. Hosting provided by Metropolitan Area Network Darmstadt.Windows are arranged automatically to tile the screen without gaps or overlap, maximising screen use.

All features of the window manager are accessible from the keyboard: a mouse is strictly optional. Custom layout algorithms, and other extensions, may be written by the user in config files. Layouts are applied dynamically, and different layouts may be used on each workspace. Xinerama is fully supported, allowing windows to be tiled on several screens. More info.

Window manager features are accessible from the keyboard: a mouse is optional. Custom layout algorithms, key bindings and other extensions may be written by the user in config files. Xinerama is fully supported, allowing windows to be tiled on several physical screens. Building is quite straightforward, and requires a basic Haskell toolchain. On many systems xmonad is available as a binary package in your package system e. If at all possible, use this in preference to a source build, as the dependency resolution will be simpler.

You first need a Haskell compiler. Your distribution's package system will have binaries of GHC the Glasgow Haskell Compilerthe compiler we use, so install that first. If your operating system's package system doesn't provide a binary version of GHC and the cabal-install tool, you can install both using the Haskell Platform. It shouldn't be necessary to compile GHC from source -- every common system has a pre-build binary version. However, if you want to build from source, the following links will be helpful:.

Since you're building an X application, you'll need the C X11 library headers. On many platforms, these come pre-installed. For others, such as Debian, you can get them from your package manager:. There are many extensions to xmonad available in the XMonadContrib xmc library. XMonadContrib is available at:. Shell : from XMonadContrib. Produced by hackage and Cabal 2. Versions [ faq ] 0. Config XMonad.

xmonad

Core XMonad. Layout XMonad. Main XMonad. ManageHook XMonad. Operations XMonad. Downloads xmonad Maintainer's Corner For package maintainers and hackage trustees edit package information. Readme for xmonad Building Building is quite straightforward, and requires a basic Haskell toolchain.

Xmonad/Screenshots

We'll now walk through the complete list of toolchain dependencies. Arch: 0. Docs available [ build log ] Last success reported on [ all 1 reports ].By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Super User is a question and answer site for computer enthusiasts and power users.

It only takes a minute to sign up. I'm a Linux developer in the market for a laptop. Given these constraints, I can only see two options:. Years of experience suggest that the first option will take many frustrating hours and probably be suboptimal w. For the second option, what would be the ideal setup?

Has anyone tried this? Price is not a consideration; any suggestions? How long has it been since you've experienced Linux?? An AutoHotkey script called " bug.

xmonad

As Xmonad is kind of derived from dwm, I'd go for this. Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Xmonad on windows laptop [closed] Ask Question. Asked 8 years, 6 months ago. Active 8 years ago.

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Given these constraints, I can only see two options: Run Linux on a laptop Run Windows on the laptop, and spend all of my time working within a Linux VM. Kevin L.

Lessons learned from using xmonad for a year

Why not Dual Boot both Windows and Linux? That is what I do. Forget running one in a slow VM. Because then either way I boot will be suboptimal; I'll either be in Windows and get no work done or be on bare metal linux which will kernel panic when I connect to wifi, if my battery doesn't drain first. Oct 17 '11 at Kevin: I believe that you have a rather pessimistic view of Linux. I can honestly say that I have only ever seen one Linux Kernel Panic and that was because some hardware broke.

xmonad

And the VM will probably drain your battery faster than just bare metal linux; that is probably worth testing first. Active Oldest Votes.After installing, you'll have an xmonad binary on your system. From there, you'll need to wire xmonad up to your login manager. See xmonad on ArchWiki for more info. In order for this local version to be built or rebuilt, on Alt-Q for example the xmonad libraries and dependencies must be present in the logged-in users environment:.

Remember to also install any applications that you specified in the displayManager. Note: On Hardy Heron and earlier, the libghc6-xdev package was compiled without Xinerama support.

This means that if you want multi-monitor support, you have three options:. Install ghc using MacPorts :. Alternatively install a ghc wrapper and xmonad with Nix. Jump to: navigationsearch.

My journey in Xmonad

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